THE INNOVATIVE SOLUTION IN SYNTHESIS –GAS MANUFACTURING

The description of the technology of combustible gas reception out of carbohydrate-bearing emulsions by use of the electro-impulsive method

 

Plasma technology assumes the use of a method of a flowing electro-impulse reactor for reception of combustible gas.
In an active zone of such reactor there proceed the electrochemical reactions which lead to destruction of molecules of complex organic substances and their transformation into the elementary gaseous combustible substances.
In a reactor the uniformity of composition of a reacting mixture is provided. For this purpose a mixture is preliminary emulsified in the ultrasonic way that enables to prepare enough concentrated (up to 30 %) and finely-dispersed emulsions without use of expensive surfactant substances.

Electro- impulsive influence on the worker emulsion is reached by means of the computerized electronic system. The electronic block provides submission of high-voltage discharge impulses into reactor zone.

Electromagnetic impulses are transferred in a working environment by means of special system of electrodes. The frequency of subsequent impulses can change depending on properties of environment in a wide range of 100 Hz ~ 20 Hz with the maximal amplitude up to 30 kV.
Thus, in a reactor zone there occur highly –activated ionic environment with higher degree of dissociation in comparison with usual electrolyte.

The formation of gaseous products occurs in a pre-electrode space. The process is sensitive to structure of a working environment and character of external influences. Therefore the reactor is equipped by the special replaceable block of system of electrodes with armor protection.
The electro-impulse technology of emulsion processing allows to carry out the purposeful synthesis of products of reaction and to receive combustible gases in the form of hydrocarbons or hydrogen, and also other substances which contain in emulsion as components.

 

1. Preparatory holding capacity
2. Rated holding capacity
3. The pipeline of swapping, submission of raw material in a reactor from capacity 2
4. Disconnecting armature
5. The pipeline of alignment of a liquid between a reactor and capacity
6. The drainage pipeline
7. The pump of submission of raw material in a reactor
8. The pump of updating of a level in a rated holding capacity
9. The oil-free gas compressor.
10. The gauge glass of rated holding capacity.
11. A cover of rated holding capacity
12. The reactor vessel
13. Electrode assembly
14. An explosive membrane
15. The safety valve
16. Gas
17. A gas pipe
18. Buffer capacity
19. A shutter
20. Cylinders for stuffing by gas

 

Characteristics of synthesis-gas
Synthesis-gas which is formed during processing of emulsion of organic wastes by an electromagnetic impulse, consists from a radical-magnecules.
Radicals-magnecules in gases, liquids and firm bodies consist from stable clusters, made of usual molecules and/or dimers, and/or the separate atoms connected with each other by means of oppositely directed magnetic polarizations of orbits, at least, peripheral, nuclear electrons, as a consequence of imposing of strong enough external magnetic fields, and also polarizations of internal magnetic kernels and electrons.

The ensemble of magnecules represents a chemical compound in that case when it is essentially homogeneous, i.e. molecules or other connections contain in it in very small quantities, subjected no definition.
Magnecules are characterized or can be identified owing to the following basic characteristics:

1. First of all, magnecules possess unexpectedly greater nuclear weight, for example, nuclear weight which in tens and more times surpasses the maximal nuclear weight of usual molecular components;

2. Magnecules are characterized by greater peaks with macroscopic percentage in mass-spectrograph, and they remain uncertain after comparison with peaks of all existing molecules;

3. The mentioned above peaks do not give usually registered infra-red signal for gas and a ultra-violet signal for liquids, unlike usual molecules and/or dimers, which are constituent parts of magnecular;

4. The mentioned above infra-red and ultra-violet signals appear to be changed (in further we shall speak «multiplied») in comparison with usual versions, therefore on the usual picture peculiar for dimers, additional peaks in infra-red and ultra-violet areas (infra-red and ultra-violet mutations), not existing in usual configurations are imposed;

5. Мagnecules possess an abnormal attraction to other substances that leads to occurrences of a background (continuous) during carrying out of spectroscopic tests which often reminds initial scanning, and suggests plugging of thin submitting nozzle, that interferes with detecting of the most important magnecules;

6. Magncules can be broken into fragments, at vigorous enough collisions, with the subsequent recombination with other fragments and/or other molecules that leads to a variation in time of spectrographic peaks (so-called time mutations of molecular weights);

7. Magnecules can increase or decrease during collisions with separate atoms, dimers or molecules;

8.  Мagnecules possess unique penetrability through other substances that testifies about reduction of the average sizes of usual molecules, as well as it is expected at magnetic polarization;

9.  Мagnecular gas possesses abnormal solubility in liquids, owing to new magnetic communications between gas and molecules of the liquid, treated to action of a magnetic field of magnecules;

10. Magnecules can be formed of molecules of liquids which are not obligatory soluble in each other;

11. Маgnecules have abnormal average nuclear weights, in that sense that they are larger, than any molecular components and any combinations of them;

12.  Мagnecular gas does not submit to laws of ideal gas as the number of its constituents (Avogadro’s number), or, that is equivalent - their average nuclear weight, varies with change of pressure to some extent;

13.  Substances with magnecular structure have abnormal physical characteristics, such as abnormal density, viscosity, a superficial tension, etc., in comparison with characteristics of usual molecular components;
14.  In thermodynamic reactions magnecules allocate more energy, than the same reactions with non- polarized molecular components;
15.  All the set forth above characteristics disappear when magnecular substance is heated up to high enough temperature which varies from substance to substance, named magnecular temperature of Curie; in particular, combustion liquidates all magnetic anomalies that leads to that products of combustion stop to possess magnecular features.

Мagnecules are divided also into: elementary when consist only of two molecules; magneplexes when are made of several identical molecules; magneclusters when are made of several various molecules.

Raw-material base

Raw material for manufacture of fuel synthesis-gas can be any organic wastes:
- industrial drains of chemical, petrochemical and other manufactures;
- the fulfilled chemicals and oils;
- unidentified and obsolete toxic chemicals;
- household sewer drains of cities and villages;
- wastes of farms which are badly utilized in nature and so on.

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